The ability to read and write is a key life skill that paves the way to success at school and in the world beyond.Read Write Inc,is the programme we use to teach children to read and write.Children learn phonemes(segmants of sound)and the corresponding grapheme(the letter/s that represents the sound).Sounds are divided into 3 Sets.In Reception children will learn Set 1 sounds and some Set 2 sounds;in Years 1 and 2 (Key Stage 1),children will secure Set 2 sounds and learn new Set 3 sounds.
Here is a list of Set 1,Set 2 and Set 3 sounds,in the order that they are taught:
To begin children are taught individual sounds daily during 'Speed Sounds' sessions.After these have been learnt,children beginto learn how to blend these sounds into words during regular 'Word Time' sessions.
How can you help?
Please ask your child about their learning in phonics each day.This consolidates what they have learnt that day.It also helps them recognise reading and writing are important in every part of their life,not just phonics.
Here is a link on how to say the sounds.
You can also read more about our Phonics programme by visiting the Ruth Miskin website.
How you can help your child at home
Teachers read aloud to children every day which develops their listenng and comprehension skills.Our aim is to develop a passion and a love for reading high quality texts in our children. You can help with this by reading with your child each day at home. Read books with them so they develop their reading and comprehension skills and read to them so they hear what fluent reading sounds like.
Fred is our Read, Write Inc. mascot/friend. He can only speak in sounds though, so we have to help him learn to say words, instead of sounds. For example Fred says 'c-a-t' instead of cat. We also teach him not to add 'uh' to our sounds in order to keep them pure. For example we say 'c' and not 'cuh'.
We use 'Fred Fingers' to help make the transition between oral sounding out and spelling with magnetic letters or on paper.
Firstly we count how many sounds we can hear:
"cat, c-a-t, 3 sounds".
Then we hold up that many fingers.
For each sound we use our other hand to squeeze a Fred Finger and say the sound
Watch out - words such as fish needs 3 Fred Fingers - "f-i-sh". Words such as flight need 4 Fred Fingers - "f-l-igh-t".
As children become more confident with their sounds and spelling words they will move away from using their Fred Fingers and instead rely on sounding out in their head.
Read, Write Inc. books
After children have learned enough sounds they will begin to read 'Ditty' books in their Read, Write Inc. lessons, as well as continuing Speedy Sounds and Word Time sessions. Ditty books contain 3 short stories that the children read and these stories are made up from green and red words.
Following Ditty books children continue to read groups of books that have been specially written to support progress through the scheme. These books follow their own colour scheme and do not tie in with the home/school reading book bands.
Each colour band contains 10 main books, with extra books to support non-fiction reading as well. Children are taught to read the 'green' and 'red' words at the beginning of each book, before checking understanding using the 'vocab check' page. The children also talk about the upcoming story to make links to their own experiences before reading the book, usually 3 times. The first time is to practise decoding the words, the second time is to practise expression and the third time is to read for comprehension. Each book focusses on a particular sound or set of sounds, allowing the children to practise the sounds that they have been learning most recently.
If you would like any further information regarding phonics at HPAPP, our English Lead Mrs Ladak and Read Write Inc. Lead Ms Lewis would be happy to help you.